Bahadurgarh Fort in Patiala
The rich and royal history of Punjab is the reason for the umpteen numbers of forts and palaces that are situated here. The old forts in different parts of Punjab tell us the story of the glorious past of the mighty and powerful Maharajas.
Patiala has its share of palaces and forts that reflect the grandeur and power of the rulers. This fort has a special place in history and is one of the notable forts that can be found in the region.
History of Bahadurgarh FortThe Bahadurgarh Fort is a proud structure that has great and rich history attached to it. Dating as far back as 1658 when the construction of the fort began the monument is a symbol of the great historical richness of Patiala. Just 6 kms away from Patiala, the fort’s construction was started by Nawab Saif Khan. But the construction of the fort was not completed during his reign. Credit for completing the project goes to Maharja Karam Singh. It was during his tenure that the grand fort was renovated and the project was completed in 1837.
Architecture of Bahadurgarh FortThe Bahadurgarh fort is an imposing structure and it must have really served its purpose of keeping the enemies at bay. The way it has been built makes the fort look impregnable. There is a wide and deep ditch (moat) that is 25 feet deep and 58 feet wide. This wide ditch encircles two circular battlements and must have been built to serve as a roadblock or impediment for the enemies. There is a massive distance of 110 km between the outer wall of the fort and the inner wall. The walls are as high as 29 feet and give a feeling of safety. It is believed that this massive fort incurred a cost of a staggering Rs 10 lacs in that period.
Genesis of the Name of the FortThe fort has some history attached to it. It is believed that the fort is named after Guru Tegh Bahadur, hence the name Bahadurgarh Fort. Maharaja Karam Singh, who was an admirer of Guru Tegh Bahadur, had invited him to the site of the fort and named the fort after him.
Gurudwara, Mosque and Tomb inside Bahadurgarh FortThe Bahadurgarh Fort has rich religious significance as well. It is a site for Sikh Gurudwara, a mosque is also in the fort and a tomb is also constructed near the Fort.
Gurudwara Sahib Patshai Nauvin is constructed inside this Fort. The Gurudwara is one among the many Gurudwara Sahibs. It is under the administration of Shiromani Gurudwara Prabandhak Committee. The Gurudwara witnesses devotees in the festival of Baisakhi.
Apart from the Gurudwara, a mosque is also located in the Fort. The mosque is a classic example of peaceful religious coexistence. One can also visit the tomb of Saif Khan after this. This is at a distance of 300 yards. Saif Khan is fondly remembered in this part and every year a fair is organized in January and June in his fond remembrance. The fair goes by the name of Mela Roza Sharit Nawab Saif Ali.
Accessibility to Bahadurgarh FortBahadurgarh fort is just 6kms from Patiala city. So, it is easily accessible by road, rail and air.
By RailOne can travel to Patiala from any part of the country. If you are in Delhi, two good options are Shatabdi Express and New-Delhi Bhatinda Inter City Express.
By RoadPatiala is accessible from all the major cities by road. The Delhi to Punjab via Amritsar, Jalandhar, Ludhiana and Chandigarh road can be traveled on bus. Patiala is approximately 250 kms from Delhi.
The Bahadurgarh fort provides a refreshing and intriguing option for tourists. It is not only a historical site but also serves as a religious site. So one can enjoy the journey to Bahadurgarh Fort and offer prayers as well.